All material published in ILR is original material. Special arrangements can be made with the author(s) for subsequent publication. ILR uses a Creative Commons copyright that indicates that the material can be used, except for commercial purposes. Anytime any material from ILR is published elsewhere, on the web or otherwise, it must include the following: Integral Leadership Review, date of issue (October 2011), url (http://www.integralleadershipreview.com/3238-fresh-perspective-4) and the Creative Commons copyright:
Be sure to include the author’s name under the title of the article at the beginning of the article. Do not include titles or designations such as PhD.
No header or footer should be used.
Do not number pages.
A portrait photo of the author(s) should be provided as a jpg , png or pdf.
A one-paragraph biography per author, including any contact information the author(s) wish to make public, should also be provided. Include titles and designations such as PhD in this biography. Begin the biography with the author’s name: “Jane Woods, PhD, is…”
A portrait photo of the author(s) must be provided as a jpg or png. In addition, candid shots for some material are welcome and may be invited by the editors.
Please submit your article in MS Word only. Submission format:
- Times New Roman, 12 point font.
- Single spaced pages
- Maximum of 20, not including graphics
If your article exceeds 20 pages of text, or for some reason you do not have access to MS Word, lease contact Eric Reynolds at email@example.com.
While tables can take many forms, for example include graphics and text, please submit all tables as jpg or png files, formatted for an 8.5 x 11 inch page size with one inch margins. If the table is less than as full page, format it to the size you want it, as though it were to be placed on an 8.5 x 11 inch page size. If we have to resize tables significantly, this may distort the quality of text and even make the table unreadable.
Submit graphics as separate attachments, even those to be embedded within your document. All graphics must be saved as a jpg or png and be appropriately sized to fit your article. This is particularly important if there is text in the graphic. In some cases we may choose to redo the graphics or ask you to do so. Sources and permissions for all images not originated by you should accompany each image. Do not use images that you do not have permission to use or that cannot be appropriately cited.
Indicate in the text where you would want graphics to be placed by putting the graphics number of title in parentheses, centered, e.g.,
Any graphics from sources other than the author should reference source and indicate formal, written (electronic) permission has been provided by the source. Copyrighted graphics require permission and citation. If you do not know the source of the graphic and have made a meaningful effort to find its source, then simply note where you found the graphic (e.g. url) and indicate: Original Source Unknown.
A Question of Style —Modified MLA
ILR uses a modified MLA style designed to achieve consistency with the least amount effort. Most, but not all, of the examples below are taken from the Purdue Writing Lab website (http://owl.english.purdue.edu/).
Always capitalize the major words of titles, including book, movie, article, and song titles. Italicize titles of books, movies, and websites. Place titles of shorter works like essays or articles between quotation marks:
“Transdisciplinary Axiology: To Be or Not to Be?” appeared in the August issue of Integral Leadership Review.
MLA format follows the author-page method of in-text citation so only the author’s last name and the page number(s) from which the quotation or paraphrase appear in the text. The complete reference should appear in the References/Works Cited section at the end of the article. The author’s name may appear either in the sentence itself or in parentheses following the quotation or paraphrase, but the page number(s) should always appear in the parentheses, not in the text of the sentence.
Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was marked by a “spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings” (263).
Romantic poetry is characterized by the “spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings” (Wordsworth 263).
Two or more authors with the same last name:
If two or more authors have the same last name, provide both authors’ first initials. For instance:
Although some medical ethicists claim that cloning will lead to designer children (R. Miller 12), others note that the advantages for medical research outweigh this consideration (A. Miller 46).
Three or fewer authors:
List the authors’ last names in the text or in the parenthetical citation:
Smith, Yang, and Moore argue that tougher gun control is not needed in the United States (76). The authors state, “Tighter gun control in the United States erodes Second Amendment rights” (Smith, Yang, and Moore 76).
Three or more authors:
Provide the first author’s last name followed by et al. or list all the last names.
Legal experts counter Smith’s, Yang’s, and Moore’s argument by noting that the current spike in gun violence in America compels law makers to adjust gun laws (Jones et al. 4).
Multiple works – same author:
Use a shortened title for the particular work from which you are quoting to distinguish it from the others. Put short titles of books in italics and short titles of articles in quotation marks.
Murray states that writing is “a process” that “varies with our thinking style” (Write to Learn 6). Additionally, Murray argues that the purpose of writing is to “carry ideas and information from the mind of one person into the mind of another” (A Writer Teaches Writing 3).
Lightenor has argued that computers are not useful tools for small children (“Too Soon” 38), though he has acknowledged elsewhere that early exposure to computer games does lead to better small motor skill development in a child’s second and third year (“Hand-Eye Development” 17).
If the author’s name is not mentioned in the sentence, you would format as in the example below:
Visual studies, because it is such a new discipline, may be “too easy” (Elkins, “Visual Studies” 63).
Citing Two or More Authors Contributing to a Fact or Idea
However, leadership scholars have normally suggested just the opposite (Brown 15-16; Turner 80-87). “
Endnotes, not footnotes, are used for bibliographic notes or content notes:
See Blackmur, especially chapters three and four, for an insightful analysis of this trend.
Several other studies point to this same conclusion. See Johnson and Hull 45-79, Kather 23-31, Krieg 50-57.
Endnotes are indicated in-text by superscript Arabic numbers after the punctuation of the phrase or clause to which the note refers. When a long dash appears in the text, the footnote/endnote number appears before the dash:
For years, scholars have failed to address this point8 – a fact that suggests their cowardice more than their carelessness.
Use an en dash [– ], not a hyphen [-], to set off parenthetical elements, especially when those elements contain internal forms of punctuation:
All three of them – Larry, Curly, and Mo – missed the sensitivity workshop.
If you omit a word or words from a quotation, you should indicate the deleted word or words by using ellipsis marks, which are three periods [ … (option semicolon)] preceded and followed by a space. For example:
In an essay on urban legends, Jan Harold Brunvand notes that “some individuals make a point of learning every recent rumor or tale … and in a short time a lively exchange of details occurs” (78).
If you have any questions about any of these guidelines, please contact
eric(at) integralleadershipreview (dot) com