Category Archives: Learner Papers

8/31 – Policy by Tautologies: The Circular Reasoning and Divided Leadership Over Iraq

Learner Papers / August-November 2016

Todd J. Barry

AbstractLeadership is, at times, the calling out and identification of lack of leadership.  This paper uses a case study to propose an original idea, that of policy by tautologies in the George W. Bush administration and the international community.  A tautology is a type of circular group reasoning.  While President Bush emphasized the policy of “regime change” to his advisors, the advisors came to repeat the phrase back to him and the public.  True …

4/7 – The Generational Shift in the Workplace: Are WE Ready?

Learner Papers / April - June 2015

Kim Arellano

Ten thousand Millennials turn 21 each day (Torres, 2014, para. 5), while ten thousand Baby Boomers retire each day (Newsmax, 2010, para. 1). By 2025, the Millennials will make up 75% of the U.S. Labor Force (Tyler, 2013, para. 1). Many organizations are facing several challenges including transferring valuable knowledge to a younger generation in an efficient manner. In addition, many organizations have recognized a different generation perspectives in work habits and narratives. Organizations are looking for help …

9/24 – An Integral Theory Analysis of Complexity Leadership

Learner Papers / August - November 2014

Jim Best



In this paper I provide a description of complexity leadership theory and its antecedents in complexity science, and then use integral theory as a meta-theory to evaluate complexity leadership theory.  I will use Wilber’s AQAL model as interpreted by Forman and Ross, focusing on quadrants, lines, stages, and meaning-making systems.  Complexity leadership is important first because it acknowledges that organizations are complex adaptive systems (CAS) embedded in a complex world, and that the notion of organization …

8/15 – Integral Conscious Evolution

Learner Papers / August - November 2014

Jorge Taborga


This essay examines conscious evolution through an integral lens. It presents a perspective on the dilemma of our times focusing on evolutionary responsibility. Evolution is examined from the dimensions of depth and complexity, or subjectivity and objectivity. Frameworks are explored encapsulating human evolution from both of these dimensions. The integral framework is presented as informed by integral theory. Wilber’s integral constructs of All-Quadrants, All-Levels and All-Lines (AQAL), levels and lines of development, states, and types are introduced. …

6/26 Correlations Between Crisis Management and Innovation

Learner Papers / April- June 2014

Christine Haskell


Corporate leaders focus primarily on growing their businesses. They should also focus on mitigating potential setbacks (crises). Innovation (in its many forms) is a guided exploration of purposeful uncertainty. A company knows they want to grow but are generally unsure how. Customer-centric approaches such as participatory innovation are a recent focus for leaders looking to negotiate this tension. In contrast, crises are problems. They are part of an intricate system of related problems, and all crises are …

Occupy The System: An Integral Perspective on Leading Through Social Change

Learner Papers / January 2013

Eric Reynolds

[This is a revised version of a paper submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for a PhD seminar, Integral Leadership, offered at Saybrook University by Russ Volckmann in the Fall 2012. The assignment was to bring an integral lens to three articles on leadership that were not required reading for the course. – Ed.]


Leadership and the theoretical body of knowledge around it, like all things, is evolving. The days of leadership being thought of …

Interpreting Along the Deckled Edge: The Artist’s Place in Leadership

Learner Papers / October 2012

Diane Meyer

Life is—or has—meaning and meaninglessness. I cherish the anxious hope that meaning will preponderate and win the battle. (Jung, 1998, p. 359).

Art reflects the soul of humanity, its beauty, dissonance, and struggle. We can’t imagine our world without art. But artists, unless they have received the acknowledgement of the great museums, are not considered for any essence of wisdom or reflection within the high-rise architecture of the corporate world. Today more than ever the artist stands in …

Inca Wisdom and Integral Theory

Learner Papers / October 2012

Giorgio Piacenza Cabrera

Part One: Inca Quadrants Similar to Those of Ken Wilber’s Integral Theory


The four dimensions that combine to form the quadrants in Integral Theory are the Individual, Plural, Interior and Exterior. These quadrants are similar to the main dimensions defining the Quechua-Andean quadrants. Like Integral Theory, these dimensions also complement each other vertically and horizontally. This is to be expected as external elements symmetrically placed above, below and on both sides naturally relate geometrically in this …

Living Leadership: Integral Dimensions of a Complete Life

Learner Papers / August 2012

Walker Karraa

As integral leadership juxtaposes Western and Eastern leadership philosophies and epistemologies, the contrast can often feel murky, ambiguous to those of us striving to live a life of leadership grounded in appreciation of difference, dare I say diversity. At this cross roads, Eastern philosophies appear more palatable to the West, and theories of leadership born in penultimate diversity—America, are eschewed. As a result of our discomfort with mysticism in the West, and infatuation with that of the East, …

Leadership Stage Development and its Effect on Transformational Change

Learner Papers / August 2012

Jorge Taborga


This case study investigates the impact of leadership stage development in transformational change initiatives. In particular, it looks at how the structure and characteristics of leadership teams determine large change outcomes in organizations. The core theory that grounds this research is that post-conventional leadership is required for organizational transformation to take place. This theory comes from the work of Bill Torbert and his colleagues. Along with this theory, the researcher explores a change leadership team structure (holarchy) …