Tag Archives: 3D Management

11/30 – Hierarchy of Anarchy: Holarchical Structures and 3D Management

November 2018 / Feature Articles


Getting rid of formal bosses does not mean hierarchy disappears. That is a common misunderstanding in this new tendency towards boss-less and flat organizations. In this paper we resort to integral theory and its application to business, 3D Management, to explain how hierarchy is a natural and desirable condition fully compatible with self-management.

The Problem with Hierarchy

The magenta level of development invented hierarchy based on the authority of the elders. Red established the hierarchy …