Author Archives: Marco Antonio Robledo

11/30 – Hierarchy of Anarchy: Holarchical Structures and 3D Management

Feature Articles / November 2018

Integral theory, self-management, holarchy, 3D management

Marco Robledo


Getting rid of formal bosses does not mean hierarchy disappears. That is a common misunderstanding in this new tendency towards boss-less and flat organizations. In this paper we resort to integral theory and its application to business, 3D Management, to explain how hierarchy is a natural and desirable condition fully compatible with self-management.

The Problem with Hierarchy

The magenta level of development invented hierarchy based on the authority of the elders. Red established …

8/31 – 3D-Management: An Integral Business Theory

August-November 2016 / Integral European Conference #IEC2016

Marco Antonio Robledo

Dr. Marco Antonio Robledo

Dr. Marco Antonio Robledo


3D-Management is an integral meta-theory of management that integrates organizational knowledge in an integral, balanced and non-marginalizing framework. It stands for Three-Dimensional Management, in reference to the three fundamental and irreducible dimensions (the Big Three) that integral management should address: science, arts and ethics, which refer respectively to the techno-economical, the aesthetic- emotional and the moral aspects of organizational reality. Those three dimensions combine in a fourth one, …