Author Archives: Ray Gehani

11/30 – Gandhi’s Dialectic Struggle with Interior – Exterior Integration: 6s Lessons from Paradoxical Success of Integral Leadership

Feature Articles / November 2018

Gandhi, integral leadership, obama

Ray Gehani

The visionary philosopher Ken Wilber (1974) proposed integral leadership theory while exploring the role of human consciousness at the individual level. Wilber gradually added more richness with complexity, comprehensiveness, trans-disciplinarity, and inclusiveness. In the 1990s, Wilber also noted that the Western empirical orientation of leadership was often rooted in the external and material world, with a heavy reliance on statistical measurement and analysis of behaviorally observable variables. Gardner et al. (2001) and McCall (2004) …