Author Archives: Alexandre (Rico) de Faria

Global Options and Linkages[1]: Towards an Evolutionary Complex Systems Approach to International Development

Special Articles / January 2013

Alexandre (Rico) de Faria

Development takes place as people learn how to change/improve their daily actions/behaviour. Innovation takes place when the new behaviour results from a change in values and beliefs – that is, when change on the ground is not simply a superficial external behaviour but a reflection of an internal change in people’s way of thinking, mind-sets. This leads to sustained change through time and implies a continuous process of change as people’s value …

Spiral Dynamics Integral in Action in a Roma Community in Romania

Feature Articles / October 2011

Alexandre (Rico) de Faria


This article is about the sustainable and healthy human development along the path of human evolution—the Spiral. It is based on a broader study of the impact of a Roma school on the Roma (gypsy) community (RC) in the town of XY, Romania[1]. Using Spiral Dynamics Integral (SDI), Romanian and international policies and program supporting Roma communities were reviewed in order to assess their alignment (relevance) to the Roma community of