Author Archives: Todd J. Barry

8/31 – Policy by Tautologies: The Circular Reasoning and Divided Leadership Over Iraq

August-November 2016 / Learner Papers

Todd J. Barry

Todd J. Barry

Todd J. Barry

AbstractLeadership is, at times, the calling out and identification of lack of leadership.  This paper uses a case study to propose an original idea, that of policy by tautologies in the George W. Bush administration and the international community.  A tautology is a type of circular group reasoning.  While President Bush emphasized the policy of “regime change” to his advisors, the advisors came to repeat the phrase …